Polymer Examples and Classification


Monomer, a small repeating sub unit organized together by covalent bond made large bulky molecule which is called polymer of that molecule.

Examples of Polymer

A few example of our daily used polymer is given below

  1. Plastic bags:
  2. Clothing:
  3. Water bottles:
  4. Rubber bands:
  5. Adhesives:
  6. Contact lenses:
  7. Paint:

Plastic bags:

Plastic bags are composed of synthetic polymer a polyethylene.


Multiple textile stuff, such as

  • Nylon
  • and polyester, are made from synthetic polymers.

Water bottles:

water bottles are polymer of PET (polyethylene terephthalate).

Rubber bands:

Natural rubber, which is a polymer made rubber band.


Adhesives, such as glue and tape, are composed of synthetic polymers.

Contact lenses:

Contact lenses such as silicone and hydrogels are made of polymer.


Many paints are composed of synthetic polymers, which give it a properties such as

  • Durability
  • and flexibility.

Classification of polymer

polymers could be classified in many ways some of these are given below:

Natural vs. synthetic:

Thermoplastics vs. thermosets:

Addition vs. condensation polymers:

Linear vs. branched:


Natural vs. synthetic:

Polymers could  be classified as natural or synthetic.

Natural polymers are those that present naturally in living organisms, such as

  • Proteins
  • DNA
  • and cellulose.

Synthetic polymers, on the other hand, are composed by humans through chemical reactions.

Thermoplastics vs. thermosets:

Another type of polymer classification is thermoplastics or thermosets.

  • Thermoplastics can be heated and re-molded many times,
  • while thermosets are attained their shape and could not be reverse back after they are molded.

Addition vs. condensation polymers:

Polymers can also be classified based on their way of preparation.

  • Addition polymers are prepared by the addition of monomers with double bonds
  • while condensation polymers are built up through the removal of small molecules, such as wateror alcohol, during polymerization.

Linear vs. branched:

Polymers can also be classified based on their structural organization.

  • Linear polymers have a single, unbranched chain of monomers,
  • while branched polymers have many chains that branch out from the main chain.


Copolymers are polymers built up of more than two different kinds of monomers. They can be classified based on the arrangement of the monomers within the polymer chain, such as

  • Alternating
  • Random
  • or block copolymers.