Catalytic Reaction in Chemistry

Catalytic Reaction

A catalytic reaction is a chemical reaction in which the rate of the reaction is increased by the presence of a catalyst.

Define catalyst?

A catalyst is a  substance that participates in the reaction but is not consumed in the process.

How Catalysts work?

  • Catalyst work by lowering the activation energy required for the reaction to occur, thereby speeding up the reaction without being consumed or permanently altered themselves.
  • The catalyst provides an alternative pathway with a lower activation energy, which makes the reaction more likely to occur.

Application of catalytic reaction:

Catalytic reactions are broadely used in industry to enhance  the efficiency of chemical processes and minimize the energy consumption.  For Examples

  • Catalytic reactions include the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide by catalase
  • and the conversion of nitrogen oxides to nitrogen and oxygen by a catalytic converter in a car’s exhaust system is a catalytic reaction.

Types Of Catalytic Reaction

There are several types of catalytic reactions, including:

  1. Homogeneous catalysis
  2. Heterogeneous catalysis
  3. Enzymatic catalysis
  4. Acid-base catalysis
  5. Photochemical catalysis