Aluminum Chloride [Chemical formula, Physical, Chemical Properties and Reactions]

The chemical formula of aluminum chloride is AlCl3.

Physical Properties of Aluminum Chloride:

Properties Details
Appearance White to pale yellow crystalline solid
Boiling Point 178 °C (352 °F)
Density 2.48 g/cm³
Melting Point 190.7 °C (375.3 °F)
Odor Odorless
Solubility Highly soluble in water
State of Matter Solid

Chemical Properties of Aluminum Chloride:

Properties Details
Acidity Forms acidic solutions in water
Chemical Formula AlCl₃
Dissociation Dissociates into Al³⁺ and Cl⁻ ions in water
Hygroscopicity Highly hygroscopic (absorbs water from air)
Lewis Acid Strong Lewis acid, capable of accepting electrons
Oxidizing Agent Strong oxidizing agent
Reactivity Highly reactive with water and moisture

Reaction of aluminium chloride with Alkali Metal

Alkali Metal Chemical Symbol Reaction with Aluminum Chloride
Lithium Li 2 Li + AlCl3 → 2 LiCl + Al
Sodium Na 6 Na + 2 AlCl3→ 2 Al + 3 NaCl
Potassium K 8 K + 2 AlCl3→ 2 Al + 3 KCl
Rubidium Rb 10 Rb + 2 AlCl3→ 2 Al + 3 RbCl
Cesium Cs 2 Cs + AlCl3→ 2 CsCl + Al
Francium Fr No data available

Reaction of aluminium chloride with Alkaline Earth Metal

Alkaline Earth Metal Chemical Symbol Reaction with Aluminum Chloride
Beryllium Be BeCl2 + AlCl3→ AlCl4- + BeCl2
Magnesium Mg Mg + 2 AlCl3 → 2 AlCl2- + MgCl2
Calcium Ca Ca + 2 AlCl3→ 2 AlCl2- + CaCl2
Strontium Sr Sr + 2 AlCl3→ 2 AlCl2- + SrCl2
Barium Ba Ba + 2 AlCl3 → 2 AlCl2- + BaCl2
Radium Ra No data available

Reaction of aluminium chloride with Transition Metal

Transition Metal Chemical Symbol Reaction with Aluminum Chloride
Scandium Sc Sc + 2 AlCl3→ ScCl2 + 2 AlCl4-
Titanium Ti TiCl4 + 2 AlCl3→ TiCl2 + 2 AlCl4-
Vanadium V VCl4 + 2 AlCl3→ VCl2 + 2 AlCl4-
Chromium Cr CrCl3 + 2 AlCl3→ CrCl2 + 2 AlCl4-
Manganese Mn MnCl2 + 2 AlCl3→ MnCl2-AlCl3 + AlCl4-
Iron Fe FeCl2 + 2 AlCl3→ FeCl2-AlCl3 + AlCl4-
Cobalt Co CoCl2 + 2 AlCl3→ CoCl2-AlCl3 + AlCl4-
Nickel Ni NiCl2 + 2 AlCl3→ NiCl2-AlCl3 + AlCl4-
Copper Cu CuCl2 + 2 AlCl3→ CuCl2-AlCl3 + AlCl4-
Zinc Zn ZnCl2 + 2 AlCl3→ ZnCl2-AlCl3 + AlCl4-
Yttrium Y YCl3 + 2 AlCl3→ YCl2 + 2 AlCl4-
Zirconium Zr ZrCl4 + 2 AlCl3→ ZrCl2 + 2 AlCl4-
Niobium Nb NbCl5 + 2 AlCl3→ NbCl3 + 2 AlCl4-
Molybdenum Mo MoCl5 + 2 AlCl3→ MoCl3 + 2 AlCl4-
Technetium Tc No data available
Ruthenium Ru RuCl3 + 2 AlCl3→ RuCl2 + 2 AlCl4-
Rhodium Rh RhCl3 + 2 AlCl3→ RhCl2 + 2 AlCl4-
Palladium Pd PdCl2 + 2 AlCl3→ PdCl2-AlCl3 + AlCl4-
Silver Ag AgCl + 2 AlCl3→ AgClAlCl3 + AlCl4-
Cadmium Cd CdCl2 + 2 AlCl3→ CdCl2-AlCl3 + AlCl4-
Hafnium Hf HfCl4 + 2 AlCl3→ HfCl2 + 2 AlCl4-
Tantalum Ta TaCl5 + 2 AlCl3→ TaCl3 + 2 AlCl4-
Tungsten W WCl6 + 2 AlCl3→ WCl4 + 2 AlCl4-
Rhenium Re ReCl5 + 2 AlCl3→ ReCl3

Reaction of aluminium chloride with Non-Transition Metal

Non-Transition Metal Chemical Symbol Reaction with Aluminum Chloride
Boron B B2O3 + 6 AlCl3 → 2BCl3 + 3Al2O3
Carbon C No product
Nitrogen N No product
Oxygen O No product
Fluorine F 2 AlCl3+ 6 HF → 2 AlF3 + 6 HCl
Neon Ne No product
Sodium Na 2 Na + 2 AlCl3→ 2 NaCl + Al2Cl6
Magnesium Mg Mg + 2 AlCl3→ MgCl2 + 2 AlCl2-
Aluminum Al AlCl3+ Al → Al2Cl6
Silicon Si SiCl4 + 2 AlCl3→ SiCl2 + 2 AlCl4-
Phosphorus P 2 PCl3 + 3 AlCl3→ 2 AlCl3-PCl3 + 3 Cl2
Sulfur S SCl4 + 2 AlCl3→ SCl2 + 2 AlCl4-
Chlorine Cl No product
Argon Ar No product
Potassium K 2 K + 2 AlCl3→ 2 KCl + Al2Cl6
Calcium Ca Ca + 2 AlCl3→ CaCl2 + 2 AlCl2-
Scandium Sc Sc + 2 AlCl3→ ScCl2 + 2 AlCl2-
Titanium Ti TiCl4 + 2 AlCl3→ TiCl2 + 2 AlCl4-
Vanadium V VCl4 + 2 AlCl3→ VCl2 + 2 AlCl4-
Chromium Cr CrCl3 + 2 AlCl3→ CrCl2 + 2 AlCl4-
Manganese Mn MnCl2 + 2 AlCl3 → MnCl2-AlCl3 + AlCl4-
Iron Fe FeCl2 + 2 AlCl3→ FeCl2-AlCl3 + AlCl4-
Cobalt Co CoCl2 + 2 AlCl3→ CoCl2-AlCl3 + AlCl4-
Nickel Ni NiCl2 + 2 AlCl3 → NiCl2-AlCl3 + AlCl4-
Copper Cu CuCl2 + 2 AlCl3→ CuCl2-AlCl3 + AlCl4-
Zinc Zn ZnCl2 + 2 AlCl3→ ZnCl2-AlCl3 + AlCl4-
Gallium Ga 2 GaCl3 + 3 AlCl3→ 5 GaCl2 + 6 AlCl4-

 

Reaction of aluminium chloride with Nonmetal

Nonmetal Chemical Symbol Reaction with Aluminum Chloride
Hydrogen H AlCl3+ 3 H2 → AlH3 + 3 HCl
Boron B B2O3 + 6 AlCl3→ 2 BCl3 + 3 Al2O3
Carbon C C + 2 AlCl3→ CCl4 + 2 AlCl2-
Nitrogen N AlCl3+ N2H4 → AlCl3-N2H4
Oxygen O AlCl3 + 3 H2O → Al(OH)3 + 3 HCl
Fluorine F 2 AlCl3 + 6 HF → 2 AlF3 + 6 HCl
Neon Ne No product
Phosphorus P 2 PCl3 + 3 AlCl3→ 2 AlCl3-PCl3 + 3 Cl2
Sulfur S SCl4 + 2 AlCl3→ SCl2 + 2 AlCl4-
Chlorine Cl AlCl3+ 3 Cl2 → AlCl3-Cl3
Argon Ar No product
Selenium Se No product
Bromine Br AlBr3 + 3 Br2 → AlBr3-Br3
Iodine I AlI3 + 3 I2 → AlI3-I3