difference between deductive and inductive reasoning? Research methods

What is the reasoning?

The reasoning is logical thinking about some facts. Mostly reasoning produces conclusions about the facts.

What are the types of reasoning?

  • Deductive reasoning
  • Inductive reasoning

What is deductive reasoning?

Deductive reasoning means to reach a logical conclusion from one or more statements.

If A=B and B=C, then we can say that A=C

What are examples of deductive reasoning;

Example 1:

Statement 1: Teacher teaches the student

Statement 2: Sameed is a teacher and Amir is a student

Deductive reasoning: Smeed teaches the Amir

Example 2:

Statement 1: If the exam is in this week, then he will study day and night (Hypothesis)

Statement 2: This is a week of the exam (Observation)

Deductive reasoning: This is a week of the exam, so he will study day and night (Confirmation)

 

What is inductive reasoning?

Inductive reasoning is from seen cases to unseen cases. Seen cases provide historical data and with the help of this historical data, we generate some results that can be true or false.

What are examples of inductive reasoning;

Example 1:

Statement 1: In the previous semester, I daily study for one hour and I got the A grade. Now I am in the new semester and if I study daily for one hour then I will get the grade A (Seen case to unseen case).

Statement 2: Yesterday, I purchase this mobile phone in just  200 US dollars, so when I will visit the market today, I can purchase the same mobile phone in 200 US dollars (Seen case to unseen case).

Statement 3: Shahzeb is a football player and his weight is 70 KG in the previous years 2016. Now in 2017,  his weight should also be 70 KG(Seen case to unseen case).  

You must also know the following topics

Deductive reasoning examples | deductive reasoning definition | inductive reasoning definition | difference between inductive and deductive reasoning pdf | similarities between inductive and deductive reasoning | inductive reasoning examples in everyday life | inductive vs deductive argument | inductive vs deductive research.

You must also know the following topics

Deductive reasoning examples | deductive reasoning definition | inductive reasoning definition
| difference between inductive and deductive reasoning pdf | similarities between inductive and deductive reasoning | inductive reasoning examples in everyday life | inductive vs deductive argument | inductive vs deductive research.

By: Prof. Fazal Rehman Shamil    CEO @ T4Tutorials
Whatsapp: +92 302 87 000 85     Facebook: For Discussions

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *