Finite and non-finite Verbs Examples [List]
- The finite verb changes its form with the change of numbers of subjects. It has present or past forms according to the tenses. Finite verbs show tenses.
- The non-infinite verb does not change its form although the number of subjects changes. These verbs don’t show tenses. Non-finite verbs are of three types:
- Infinitives, participles (ed, d, t), and gerund (ing).
This is the basic or primary form of a verb. We often use “to” before the infinitive verb.
- She likes to sing.
- He wanted to join the force.
Gerunds are nouns that are formed from verbs. We use “ing” with the basic form of the verb.
- She likes cooking.
- I love dancing.
In non-finite verbs, we can see two types of participles; past participles (ending ed,d, en, n, or t) and present participles (ending ing).
Sometimes, the participles either function as adjectives.
- a burning sensation.
- A broken fence
- An accepted proposal
Often, they follow a finite verb.
- She is cooking lunch.
- He was calling you.
- They are planning a party.
The forms of a verb that are present simple and past simple are finite.
- I clean my house daily.
- The building collapsed.
- She goes to the office daily.
Sometimes, a non-finite verb is used after a finite verb.
- He likes to eat burgers.
- Dell dislikes cleaning the house.
- I don’t want to see her.
- She requested the boss to approve her application.
Sometimes, a noun or pronoun comes between the non-finite and finite verb.
- He wants Dell to work honestly.
- She wanted her brother to study abroad.
- The father does not like his son driving fastly.
Although, after, if, though
After the subordinating conjunctions like although, after, if, though, we use non-infinite verbs.
- Although exhausted, he left the office after completing his work.
- The application, if accepted by the minister, will bring a great change to our education system.
- After taking shower, he got ready and went to the party.
- Though she was murmuring, Micheal could hear her.
Examples of finite verbs
- My sister wants to join an office.
- Stan Shih is happy.
- She painted the wall.
- Dell is varnishing the painted wall.
- My mom takes care of us.
- My dad goes to the office and does work hard.
- I teach in a school.
- She makes a coffee for her.
- He rings the bell.
- Stan Shih repaired his car.
- They went on a trip.
- He gave me a surprise on my birthday.
- He started a new business.
- The boys made fun of his dress.
Examples of infinite verbs
- The man was driving his car.
- They like swimming.
- He knows how to sing.
- We want you to complete this task.
- She wanted not to wake anyone.
- He wanted not to touch anything.
- It is better to drive at an appropriate speed.
- Are you ready to go?
- I like to eat.
- Can you achieve the given task?
- She enjoyed the roasted meat.
- They are discussing a serious matter.
- She is running a salon.
- We want to have dinner.