Islamic Jurisprudence (Fiqh) (Islamic Study) MCQs

What does the term “Fiqh” refer to in Islam?

a) Faith in God
b) Understanding or comprehension
c) Charity and almsgiving
d) Prophetic traditions
Answer: b) Understanding or comprehension
Which of the following is NOT a source of Islamic jurisprudence?

a) Quran
b) Hadith
c) Sunnah
d) Iman
Answer: d) Iman
The process of extracting legal rulings from the Islamic sources is known as:

a) Tawhid
b) Ijma
c) Qiyas
d) Zakat
Answer: c) Qiyas
Who are the scholars of Islamic jurisprudence known as?

a) Mullahs
b) Imams
c) Fuqaha
d) Caliphs
Answer: c) Fuqaha
Which of the following is NOT one of the traditional Sunni schools of Islamic law?

a) Hanafi
b) Shafi’i
c) Ja’fari
d) Hanbali
Answer: c) Ja’fari
In Islamic jurisprudence, what does the term “Fatwa” refer to?

a) Islamic scholarship
b) A legal opinion issued by a qualified scholar
c) Spiritual enlightenment
d) A pilgrimage to Mecca
Answer: b) A legal opinion issued by a qualified scholar
Which principle allows for flexibility and adaptation in Islamic law to suit changing circumstances?

a) Ijma
b) Qiyas
c) Istihsan
d) Ijtihad
Answer: d) Ijtihad
What is the Arabic term for analogy, the process of extending Islamic legal rulings to new cases based on existing precedents?

a) Taqwa
b) Tawhid
c) Tafsir
d) Qiyas
Answer: d) Qiyas
Which of the following is NOT considered a condition for Ijma, or scholarly consensus, in Islamic jurisprudence?

a) Consensus among all Muslims worldwide
b) Consensus among qualified scholars
c) Consensus reached after the death of the Prophet Muhammad
d) Consensus based on clear evidence from the Quran and Sunnah
Answer: a) Consensus among all Muslims worldwide
What is the significance of the Quran in Islamic jurisprudence?

a) It is the primary source of law
b) It provides historical narratives but has no legal authority
c) It is secondary to the Hadith
d) It is only consulted in matters of spirituality
Answer: a) It is the primary source of law