Sources of Islamic law (Islamic Study) MCQs

Which of the following is NOT considered a primary source of Islamic law?

a) Quran
b) Sunnah
c) Ijma
d) Qiyas
Answer: d) Qiyas
What is the primary source of Islamic law?

a) Hadith
b) Sunnah
c) Quran
d) Ijma
Answer: c) Quran
Which term refers to the practice of the Prophet Muhammad as recorded in Hadith?

a) Quran
b) Sunnah
c) Ijma
d) Qiyas
Answer: b) Sunnah
What term is used to describe the consensus of scholars on a legal issue?

a) Quran
b) Sunnah
c) Ijma
d) Qiyas
Answer: c) Ijma
Which of the following is NOT a secondary source of Islamic law?

a) Ijma
b) Qiyas
c) Istihsan
d) Hadith
Answer: d) Hadith
What term is used for analogical reasoning in Islamic law?

a) Ijma
b) Qiyas
c) Istihsan
d) Maslaha
Answer: b) Qiyas
Which source of Islamic law involves the jurist’s personal opinion or discretion?

a) Ijma
b) Qiyas
c) Istihsan
d) Maslaha
Answer: c) Istihsan
What principle allows for the consideration of public interest or welfare in legal rulings?

a) Ijma
b) Qiyas
c) Istihsan
d) Maslaha
Answer: d) Maslaha
What term is used for the interpretation and understanding of Islamic law by qualified scholars?

a) Fiqh
b) Shariah
c) Ijtihad
d) Taqlid
Answer: a) Fiqh
Which of the following is NOT considered a source of Islamic law according to Sunni tradition?

a) Quran
b) Sunnah
c) Hadith
d) Ijma
Answer: c) Hadith
In Islamic law, what does the term “Quran” refer to?

a) The sayings and actions of Prophet Muhammad
b) The collection of Hadith
c) The holy book revealed to Prophet Muhammad
d) The consensus of scholars
Answer: c) The holy book revealed to Prophet Muhammad
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of the Quran?

a) It is considered the literal word of God
b) It is organized into chapters (Surahs)
c) It was compiled after the death of Prophet Muhammad
d) It serves as the primary source of Islamic law
Answer: c) It was compiled after the death of Prophet Muhammad
What is the significance of the Sunnah in Islamic law?

a) It provides commentary on the Quran
b) It is the sayings, actions, and approvals of Prophet Muhammad
c) It is the consensus of scholars
d) It is the analogical reasoning applied by jurists
Answer: b) It is the sayings, actions, and approvals of Prophet Muhammad
Which term refers to the scholarly consensus on a particular legal issue in Islamic law?

a) Quran
b) Sunnah
c) Ijma
d) Qiyas
Answer: c) Ijma
What does the principle of Qiyas involve?

a) Interpretation of Quranic verses
b) Analogy and reasoning based on existing legal precedents
c) Consensus of scholars
d) Scholarly discretion
Answer: b) Analogy and reasoning based on existing legal precedents
Istihsan is a concept in Islamic law that refers to:

a) Consensus of scholars
b) Legal analogy
c) Discretionary preference by a jurist to avoid hardship
d) Public interest or welfare
Answer: c) Discretionary preference by a jurist to avoid hardship
What does the term “Maslaha” signify in Islamic law?

a) The interpretation of Quranic verses
b) Legal analogy
c) Public interest or welfare
d) Scholarly consensus
Answer: c) Public interest or welfare
What is the process of Ijtihad in Islamic law?

a) Scholarly interpretation and legal reasoning
b) The collection of Hadith
c) Memorization of the Quran
d) The compilation of Sunnah
Answer: a) Scholarly interpretation and legal reasoning
What is Taqlid in Islamic jurisprudence?

a) Scholarly consensus
b) Legal analogy
c) The process of seeking guidance from qualified scholars
d) Public interest or welfare
Answer: c) The process of seeking guidance from qualified scholars
Which of the following is considered a primary source of Islamic law?

a) Ijma
b) Qiyas
c) Istihsan
d) Quran
Answer: d) Quran