Difference between parasitic fungi and predatory fungi

 

Let me share with you a difference between parasitic fungi and predatory fungi.

Aspect Parasitic Fungi Predatory Fungi
Mode of nutrition Derive nutrients from living host organisms Derive nutrients from other fungi, nematodes, or small organisms
Mode of Infection May infect host tissues through specialized structures  known as haustoria Use specialized structures  such as constriction rings to capture and immobilize prey
Life Cycle Typically involve stages of infection, colonization, and reproduction on or within the host. Often involve stages of recognition, capture, penetration and nutrient absorption from the prey.
Role in biological control Some parasitic fungi are used in biological control to manage pest populations Some predatory fungi are considered for biological control of nematodes or insect pests
Symbiotic relationships Generally considered pathogens, but some have mutualistic relationships Typically do not form mutualistic relationships, as their interaction involves killing and consuming other organisms
Examples

 

 

·        Rusts

·        Smuts

·        Powdery mildews in plant pathology

·        Arthrobotrys

·        Dactylella

·        Zoophagus

·        Fungi in the order Orbiliales