Difference between saprophytic and parasitic nutrition

Let me share with you a difference between saprophytic and parasitic nutrition.

Aspect Saprophytic Nutrition Parasitic Nutrition
Introduction Feeding and obtaining energy by decomposing decaying organic matter Feeding and obtaining energy from the tissues or body fluids of a living host
Relationship with host Does not have a direct relationship with a living host organism Establishes a direct relationship with a living host organism
Mode of nutrition Absorbs nutrients through extracellular digestion of dead organic matter Absorbs nutrients either directly from host cells or by secreting enzymes to break down host tissues
Effect on host Does not harm or negatively affect living organisms Typically harms or causes damage to the host organism, affecting its health and sometimes causing diseases
Relationship Generally mutualistic with the environment by recycling nutrients Often harmful or detrimental to the host organism, causing disease or reduced fitness
Adaptations Adapted to efficiently break down complex organic matter into simpler forms Adapted to evade host defenses, establish attachment, and extract nutrients from the host
Examples

 

 

·        Fungi such as mushroom

 

 

·        Parasitic plants like dodder

·        Ticks

·        Tapeworms

·        Pathogenic bacteria