Comparison between primary and secondary structure of proteins

 

Let me share with you a comparison between primary and secondary structure of proteins.

 

Aspect Primary Structure Secondary Structure
Structure Linear sequence of amino acids Localized folding patterns and motifs formed by hydrogen bonds between backbone atoms
Composition Amino acid sequence, often denoted as N-terminus to C-terminus Regular, repeating structures like alpha helices and beta sheets
Types of bonding Peptide bonds between adjacent amino acids Hydrogen bonds between backbone atoms of amino acids
Flexibility Highly flexible, allowing for various sequences More constrained due to the formation of recurring patterns
Spatial arrangement One-dimensional Three-dimensional
Functional groups Determined by the sequence of amino acids Determined by the local folding patterns and motifs
Stability Vulnerable to changes in pH, temperature and other environmental factors More stable due to the formation of regular structures
Role in Protein Function Foundation for higher-order structures and functions Contributes to the overall tertiary and quaternary structures
Determination methods ·       Easily determined by sequencing techniques ·       Analyzed through spectroscopy methods

·       X-ray crystallography

Example

 

 

·       ACGTGAC

 

 

·       Alpha helices

·       Beta sheets

·       Turns

·       Loops