What are XML elements?
An XML element is everything from the XML element’s starting tag to the XML element’s ending tag.
An element can contain:
- Starting tag
- Closing tag
- other elements
- or a combination of all things mentioned above.
|<author category=”literature”> sameed </author>|
In this example;
<author> is the starting tag
sameed is the text
Category is the attribute/property
Literature is the value of the attribute.
</author> is the closing of the tag.
XML Naming Rules:
- Element name is case-sensitive:
- Element name must start with a underscore or alphabets.
- Element name cannot start with the letters XML/xML/xml/Xml, etc.
- Element name cannot contain spaces
- Element name can contain digits, letter, hyphens, periods and underscore.
- Element name can have any name except xml.