# Thermodynamics and statistical mechanics MCQs

## Thermodynamics and statistical mechanics MCQs

1. The term “thermodynamics” comes from the Greek words ‘therme’ and ‘dynamic which means _______.

A. Heat power

B. Heat transfer

C. Heat energy

D. Heat motion

A

2. The term “thermodynamics” was first used in 1849 in the publication of a

A. Lord Kelvin

B. William Rankine

C. Rudolph Clausius

D. Thomas Savery

A

3. The electrons in an atom which rotate about the nucleus possess what kind of energy?

A. Translational energy

B. Spin energy

C. Sensible energy

D. Rotational kinetic energy

D

4. The molecules of gas moving through space with some velocity possess what kind of energy?

A. Translational energy

B. Spin energy

C. Rotational kinetic energy

D. none of the above

A

5. What form of energy refers to those a system possesses as a whole with respect to some outside reference frame, such as potential and kinetic energies?

A. External energy

B. The microscopic form of energy

C. Internal energy

D. A macroscopic form of energy

D

6. What type of system energy is related to the molecular structure of a system?

A. Macroscopic form of energy

B. Internal energy

C. Microscopic form of energy

D. External energy

C

7. The sum of all the microscopic form of energy is called _____.

A. Total energy

B. Phase energy

C. System energy

D. Internal energy

D

8. What does the term “uniform” mean?

A. No change in volume

B. No change with time

C. No change with location

D. No change with mass

C

9. What is a process during which the specific volume remains constant?

A. Isobaric process

B. Isothermal process

C. Isochoric or isometric process

D. Isovolumetric process

C

10. What is a process during which the pressure remains constant?

A. Isometric process

B. Isothermal process

C. Isochoric process

D. Isobaric process

D

11. What is a process with identical end states called?

A. phase

B. Path

C. Cycle

D. Either path or phase

C

12. How many independent properties are required to completely fix the equilibrium state of a gaseous compound state?

A. 4

B. 3

C. 2

D. 1