which of the following is the first computer to use stored program concept?

Question: which of the following is the first computer to use stored program concept?

A NIVAC

B  ENIAC

C  EDSAC

D  None of above

Answer:    EDSAC

Computer Year Developer(s) Description
Electronic Delay Storage Automatic Calculator (EDSAC) 1949 Maurice Wilkes and his team at the University of Cambridge The EDSAC was one of the first practical stored-program computers and played a significant role in early computing history.
ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer) 1945 John W. Mauchly and J. Presper Eckert Often considered one of the earliest electronic general-purpose computers, ENIAC could be reprogrammed for different tasks, but it used a plugboard and switches for programming.
Manchester Mark I (Baby) 1948 Frederic C. Williams, Tom Kilburn One of the earliest computers to execute stored programs. It used a Williams-Kilburn tube for memory.
UNIVAC I (Universal Automatic Computer) 1951 J. Presper Eckert and John Mauchly The UNIVAC I was one of the first commercially produced computers to use the stored program concept.
Ferranti Mark I 1951 Ferranti and J. Lyons Developed in the United Kingdom, it was one of the first computers to be based on the von Neumann architecture.
IBM 701 (Defense Calculator) 1952 IBM IBM’s first stored-program computer, designed for scientific and engineering calculations.