How to write a resume for a job search: Tips for applicants

By: Prof. Fazal Rehman Shamil

            To have a properly created resume is highly important when looking for a job. Its structure should be logic and easy to understand for the one who reads it. Everything should be clearly stated and in order. For those having no experience in creating resumes, there are professional custom writing services where certified writers can help to make your cv and a cover letter look just the way it should look.

cheapresumeservices.com is a cheap cv writing service where you may hire a writer on a legal basis and cheap cost to write a top resume for recruiters to pay attention to you. High-quality is its middle name so you do not have to worry about anything because this is a good buy. Everyone has their own meaning of the word cheap, however, in terms of cheap cv writing services, AccuroResumes.com is the cheapest while the quality of papers is the highest.

 

Recommendations in 2021 on cheap cv writing services

 

Resume Title and Professional Preferences

The headline is also your goal in your job search. We enter the title of the position for which we are applying. Our headline will look something like this “Resume for the job of a foreman.” What should you include on your resume right after the title? Correctly! Those working conditions to which you will definitely agree.

Personal data

Personal data includes the following:

  • Full name of the applicant;
  • Age Family status;
  • Citizenship;
  • Place of residence;
  • Contact information for communication.

A photo

A photo in a resume is a good advantage. Believe me, the employer will focus on your candidacy. But!!! your photo should do this! A professional business photo is best suited for this purpose. Quite often, applicants insert images captured on a smartphone, low-quality scans of a passport or ID into their presentation. It is not right. If you nevertheless decide to take a photo for a resume using your phone, then at least try to find the appropriate background, take a normal position, ask someone close to you to take a picture.

Age

Don’t hide your age. Today this is an important indicator for an employer and he can be disappointed if you are not sincere.

Family status

Be sure to indicate if you are currently married and if you have children. This can be important for the employer if he plans to employ you in certain circumstances, such as business trips.

Contact details

Indicate all possible ways to contact you. Keep in mind, however, that the most important of these are phone and email. Leaving your phone number to the employer, be prepared for a callback, and you will have to clearly answer typical questions. You do not need to enter your home address. If you plan to find work near your home, specify the area. Very often the company is interested in the fact that the employee would live closer to the place of work.                                 

Work experience and professional skills

The moment is responsible, but not difficult to understand. You must enter information in the section that relates to your previous professional activities.

It means that you are obliged to indicate: in what period you worked for this or that enterprise, what position you occupied, and fully describe your job responsibilities.

Please note: in the first place you should put the last job, then the previous one, etc.

Job responsibilities

If you are planning to write a good resume for a job, then this point is very important. After a quick study of your personal data, the employer will move on to carefully study this particular section of the resume. After all, he needs to quickly assess your professional capabilities.

Therefore, we will describe in as much detail as possible your job responsibilities that you performed at your previous job.

Professional achievements

Perhaps you helped introduce new technologies at the enterprise, increase labor productivity, or product sales, etc. All this must be included in the resume without fail.

Your success in work and achievements are especially important if you are applying for a managerial position in an enterprise.

Okay, we have fully described your professional journey over the past years, and now is the time to move on. And then we have the next subsection …

Key skills

Here we reflect on all the professional skills that will be needed in the position for which you are applying, meaning summarize all your professional skills.

Such a cheap cv writing service as AccuroResumes.com is an affordable online UK service for those who seek a great purchase to do. If you were thinking something like “oh, my resume is so bad, I will never get a job”, cheap resume writing services are able to change your mind and let the word cheap not scare you off. A cheap resume writing service may be a great helper on the way to your career growing up.

The Best Tool to Test the Speed of Your Internet

By: Prof. Fazal Rehman Shamil

If you are worried about your internet speed and want to test the speed of your internet, then this tutorial will help you that how you can test the internet speed with the help of speedtest.org.

I try to experiment with different tools to test the speed of the internet, and I found speedtest.org, a valuable tool in this regard. Let’s start with speedtest.

How to test?

Step 1: Open  speedtest.org

Step 2: Just click the start button

how to test internet speed upload and download speed
how to test internet speed upload and download speed

Step 3: Just wait to load the full interface

upload and download speed test with speedtest.org
upload and download speed test with speedtest.org

What kind of information is tested?

Some important metrics are mentioned below;

  • Latency (Latency is considered as a measure of delay. In a network, latency is a measure of  the time it takes for the given data to get to its destination device across the network.)
  • Download speed
  • Stability(stability is considered one of the most important factors of internet speed to test the reliability of internet connection)
  • Upload speed
  • IP-Address
  • Internet Provider (The company providing you the facility of internet. For example in my case, I am using “Nayatel internet connection”.)
  • Security
  • Latency Average
  • Download Speed
  • Upload Speed Average
  • Longitude (Based on IP Address)

Visualization of speed test results

best tool for speed testing
best tool for speed testing

 

Latency: 178.6 ms

Download speed: 10.5 Mbps

Stability:  82%

Transferred Data: 22.94 MB

Upload speed: 5.3 Mbps

Stability: -196%

Transferred Data: 4.75 MB

IP-Address: 115.186.169.96, IPv6

Internet Provider:  Nayatel (Pvt) Ltd

Security: Connection unprotected (Install VPN)

The best thing is that if you check the speed many times, then this online tool will show the

Visualization of speed test statistics

best tool to check the speed of your internet
best tool to check the speed of your internet

average speed matrix. For example, if you test the speed of your internet two times, then this tool will calculate the average.  Some examples of average calculations are given below;

Latency Average: 180 ms

Download Speed: Average 10.45 Mbps
Upload Speed Average: 5.24 Mbps

Visualization of Location

speedcheck.org also tells us the location of our internet service provider. The main information visible is mentioned below;

Latitude(Based on IP Address): 33.6979

 

speedcheck.org best tool to test internet speed
speedcheck.org best tool to test internet speed

Longitude (Based on IP Address): 73.0151

Some General information about Speed

BITS VS BYTES

BITS BYTES
measure speed of a connection

Kilobit (kb)—1,024 bits

Megabit (Mb) —1,024 kilobits

Gigabit (Gb) —1,024 megabits

Terabit (Tb) —1,024 gigabits

measure the size of a data file

Kilobyte (KB) —1,024 bytes

Megabyte (MB) —1,024 kilobytes

Gigabyte (GB) —1,024 megabytes

Terabyte (TB) —1,024 gigabytes

Wired bandwidth standards for connections

VDSL 55 Mbps
Fast Ethernet 100 Mbps
Gigabit Ethernet 1000 Mbps or 1 Gbps
VSDL 2 Vplus 300 Mbps
100 Gigabit Ethernet 100 Gbps
Dialup Modem 56 kbps
T1 (Digital leased landline connection) 1.544 Mbps
OC3 (Ficer optic leased landline connection) 155 Mbps
10 Gigabit Ethernet 10 Gbps
VDSL 2 100 Mbps
Ethernet 10 Mbps
OC 12 (Ficer optic leased landline connection) 622 Mbps
T3 (Digital leased landline connection) 44.763 Mbps
E1 (Digital leased landline connection European) 2.048 Mbps
Asynchronous DSL 4 Mbps

 Why do we need various number systems in computer science?

By: Prof. Fazal Rehman Shamil

 Why do we need various number systems in computer science?

Computers cannot understand human languages. So, to process commands and instructions given by programmers, they use different systems typically known as number systems.

The most widely used number systems are:

  • Binary
  • Octal
  • Decimal
  • Hexadecimal

 

All of these are equally important. In the article below, you will learn what these numbers are and some of their applications.

1.  Binary system

Binary system aka Base-2 number system is used by computers to operate. All the data stored in a computer consists of binary numbers. It is the most widely used system.

Binary consists of two units 0 and 1, known as bit. Individually the 0 bit means NO (False) while 1 bit means YES (True).

These bits are combined in a group of 8 bytes, to represent multiple characters and values. One byte can represent 256 values depending on its arrangement of bit units.

Binaries are stored in computer data as “Machine code”. This way its CPU can execute programs set by the computer scientists.

In the binary system, there is no representation for negative integers because we only have 0 and 1. No -ve sign no +ve sign. So to represent such numbers and perform similar operations, programmers use two’s complement.

You can find two’s complement of binary numbers using two’s complement calculator.

Note:

Source code is not to be confused with Machine code. Source code is designed by programmers in languages such as HTML, Python, etc.

To understand this source code, the computer converts it into binary numbers, Machine code.

Use of binary number system:

  • It can be used to represent pixels of an image.
  • It also used to represent On and OFF in a circuit.
  • True and False statements.
  • ASCII

Conversion in Binary:

Although it is mostly used in computers, humans can also learn this system easily.

     Example:

Convert 345 into Binary Number.

Solution:

  1. Perform repeated division on 345 with 2 as a divisor.
Binary Conversion
Binary Conversion
  1. Start writing from bottom to top. 10010
  1. Complete 8-bit byte by adding zeros on the left. 00010010

2.  Octal Number system

Base-8 is a number system that has 8 as the radix. The 8 digits used in this system are 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. All of these representations can be arranged variously to make more octal representations.

The octal number system is a little confusing and needs the practice to understand it completely. An Octal number is usually expressed with 8 as subscript e.g..

Computers cannot read octal numbers directly. That’s why they are converted into binary first.

In octal numbers, digits above 7 are represented differently. For example, 8 is represented as 10 which is actually 1 + 0, not the decimal 10. To clarify it even more.

Octal Numbers:

Decimal  Number 3-bit Binary Number Octal Number

0

000

0

1

001

1

2

010

2

3

011

3

4

100

4

5

101

5

6

110

6

7

111

7

8

001 000

10 (1+0)

9

001 001

11 (1+1)

Use of Octal Numbers:

  1. In UNIX
  2. Computing graphics
  3. File Protection

Conversion in Octal:

Conversion in octal is quite similar to conversion in binary.

  Example:

Convert 130 in Octal.

Solution:

  1. Perform repeated division on 130.
Conversion in Octal
Conversion in Octal
  1. Start writing from bottom to top.

(202)8

3.  Decimal system

The decimal system aka the Base-10 system is the number system with which almost every human is familiarized. Even an uneducated person can understand this system.

The reason is that we use it in daily life in finance, counting e.t.c. The numbers used in the denary system are 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9.

In the denary system, the significance of each number increases by 10 times as we move from right to left. E.g in the number 56, 5 is 10 times more valuable than the number 6.

Uses of the decimal system:

  • Finance
  • Calendar
  • Counting

Conversion in decimal:

There isn’t much to do in decimal conversion because it is the number system we are using. This means that the numbers we use are already presented in the denary system.

But we can learn to convert binary numbers in the decimal system.

Example:

Convert 10010101 in decimal.

Solution:

  1. First, write 2 under each bit with power the same as the position of it.
Conversion in decimal
Conversion in decimal
  1. Now, multiply the numbers with their respected binary bit and add them. i.e.,

=   128 + 16 + 4 + 1

=   149

4.  Hexadecimal system

The last and the most complex number system is the hexadecimal system. It is difficult to learn as compared to other number systems.

This number system makes several things convenient such as the representation of bytes. Only 2 hexadecimal numbers are required to represent an 8-bit byte of binary numbers.

 

It is also known as base-16 and the digits and alphabets used in this system are 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, A, B, C, D, E, F.

 

The alphabet A represents decimal number 10, B represents decimal number 11, and so on.

Uses of Hexadecimal:

  • Memory locations
  • De-bugging
  • To define colors on web pages e.g A shade of red is represented by ff0000.

 

Decimal Number 4-bit Binary Number Hexadecimal Number
0 0000 0
1 0001 1
2 0010 2
3 0011 3
4 0100 4
5 0101 5
6 0110 6
7 0111 7
8 1000 8
9 1001 9
10 1010 A
11 1011 B
12 1100 C
13 1101 D
14 1110 E
15 1111 F
16 0001 0000 10 (1+0)
17 0001 0001 11 (1+1)

 

Conversion in hexadecimal:

To convert decimal into hexadecimal, the same method as the octal conversion is used.

  Example:

Convert 510 in hexadecimal.

Solution:

  1. Perform repeated division on 510.
Conversion in hexadecimal
Conversion in hexadecimal
  1. Write from bottom to top and use the respected alphabets where needed.

14 = E, 15 = F, 1 = 1

  1. Hence,

510 = (1FE)16

Conclusion

Each number system is important and has various applications. It is due to these number systems that modern computers can perform much more tasks than the old ones.

Although these systems are used in computer programming, they can be easily learned because ultimately they all are related to the decimal number system that humans use.

5 Best Places to Study Engineering

By: Prof. Fazal Rehman Shamil

5 Best Places to Study Engineering

Studying engineering is a clever decision for career-minded students, and there are specialized colleges everywhere in the world that contribute elite degrees.

Most students in Europe try out a degree for a particular order inside engineering. Normal specializations incorporate structural engineering, electrical engineering, and compound engineering.

The 2021 subject positioning for engineering and technology from Times Higher Education features 1,098 colleges across more than 70 countries.

Although the schools at the exceptionally top are in the United States and the United Kingdom, colleges in Singapore, China, and Switzerland perform very well and show up high in the rankings.

China is the second most-addressed country in the rundown of the best colleges for engineering, in front of the UK, Germany, Australia, and Canada. Just the United States has a higher number of colleges present in the positioning.

The most demanding field on the earth

An engineering career is probably the most looked at and generously compensated on the planet. To get “the best seats” in the Engineering business you should ensure you are awesome at what you do, or possibly you have the best tools to build up the correct arrangement of abilities the business anticipates that you should have. Doing engineering in the given universities may require a bit of engineering homework help too so you can take help from assignmentshark.com.

Learning at a standout amongst other engineering schools on the planet can be an extraordinary beginning, yet it’s not by any means the only way. It’s a decent beginning stage to have a thought regarding the best engineering colleges, however, you shouldn’t dismiss other engineering schools since they are not on the best 100 records. Investigate your choices completely prior to settling on a choice!

In this article, you’ll track down the main 5 lists of best-quality engineering schools from QS World University Rankings, US News and Global Report, Times Higher Education, and Academic Influence.

1.   Harvard University

The John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences is the freshest school at Harvard University, having been set up in 2007. Its underlying foundations are in the Lawrence Scientific School, which was established in 1847 and became a school by its own doing in 2007.

The school covers a few showing regions like applied arithmetic, applied physical science, bioengineering, software engineering, electrical engineering, ecological science and engineering, and materials science and mechanical engineering.

Graduated class of the school has been granted a Nobel Prize, a MacArthur Fellowship Award, a Turing Award, and a Guggenheim Fellowship, among others.

2.   University of Oxford

College of Oxford students is conceded for a particular science certificate, varying from US colleges where students can pick from different strands of engineering to study.

For students, this will be a four-year course in engineering science or, all the more explicitly, biomedical engineering, synthetic engineering, structural engineering, electrical engineering, data engineering, or mechanical engineering.

Simply under portion, everything being equal, to these courses breakthrough to the meeting round, and 15 percent secure a put on a course.

Numerous Oxford engineering alumni go on to vocations as expert architects, albeit some enter business, consultancy, or further investigation.

3.   Stanford University

Stanford University’s School of Engineering has been at the forefront of new innovation and advancement for as long as a century.

There are nine offices in the school and extra foundations, labs, and examination focuses.

Examination centers around 10 of the “most overwhelming human difficulties of the coming many years”. These are frameworks plan, bioengineering, network security, environmental change, advanced mechanics, data innovation, materials and matter, metropolitan plan, reasonable available medical care, and calculation and information investigation.

Across the nine offices, there are eight interdepartmental undergrad programs that students can study.

4.   Massachusetts Institute of Technology

The MIT School of Engineering is one of five schools at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and is the biggest of the five.

The school has eight scholastic offices and two interdisciplinary establishments. Offices incorporate aviation and astronautics, organic engineering, mechanical engineering, atomic science, and engineering, among others.

The school offers both undergrad and postgraduate courses and supports students at all levels to lead research.

5.   University of California, Berkeley

The College of Engineering is one of 14 schools and schools at the University of California, Berkeley. It was set up in 1931.

Students can decide to seek after a few distinct regions, including common and natural engineering, mechanical engineering, and atomic engineering, among others.

The remarkable graduated class of the school incorporates Steve Wozniak, the prime supporter of Apple, Marc Tarpenning, the fellow benefactor of Tesla, Andrew Ng, fellow benefactor and leader executive of Coursera, and Peter Norvig, head of an examination at Google.

How Students Can Pick a Good Custom-Paper Writing Service?

By: Prof. Fazal Rehman Shamil

College students are required to churn out dozens of writing assignments. There are plenty of essays, papers, and other academic works that should be completed throughout a year, and often they cost half of the annual grade. Some of them may be quite simple and exciting, while others are confusing, time-consuming, and discouraging. But truth be told, students rarely like writing essays, unless it is something they have a genuine interest in. More often, they have to produce nearly 30 papers each year that don’t even have any relation to their major.

Trying to handle the pressure that falls on their heads, students often seek to outsource help to entrust their assignments to professional essay writing services. Whether it happens because of the confusing explanations and requirements or the fear to fail due to lack of writing skills, essay pros help students to overcome these challenges and succeed where otherwise they would have failed.

Professional Writing Service Providers: Who Are They?

A writing service is usually a team of professionals who help students, researchers, and academicians deal with their writing assignments. Apart from academic papers, they also offer assistance with preparing speeches, autobiographies, presentations, and anything else that requires the mastery of words.

Some cheaper than the rest, writing services are overall quite affordable, and this is what makes them so attractive among students. Just for a few dollars a page, they help to offload a good share of writing work and vacate a few hours of time students always so badly need.

Why Students Need Writing Help?

There are many reasons why students may want someone else’s help in completing their papers. In contrast to popular opinion, not all of them are lazybones who give eye-teeth for partying and having fun, although that too. Most often, however, they are just ordinary people trying to wade through the piles of their college assignments.

One of the largest groups using professional writing services is ESL students. Often struggling with completing even day-to-day tasks, international students are also required to show their writing prowess at the same level as their native classmates. And while they may end up with a well-researched and in-depth piece, poor grammar and adhering to the wrong style often come with lower grades and much disappointment. With proofreading and editing services, writing professionals help such students to bring exterior in line with the stuffing and get the grade they deserve.

Another group is working students. Needless to say that college can cost an arm and a leg. And if you are not that lucky to have wealthy parents to pay your bills, you should seek other ways to make both ends meet. So when it comes to choosing between earning an income or wasting hours on end to write 5000+ long essays, the choice is obvious.

Finally, there is a large number of science and tech students who simply don’t have a clue why they may need a Shakespearean writing finesse when they are going to be doctors, physicists, engineers, programmers, you name it. They don’t mind shaking off this trouble, even if they have to pay a few dollars to have their papers done. English professors may be ten times browned-off about this, but in the end, even they would prefer a doctor to have them treated rather than write a paper about their condition.

Ideally, students would hire seasoned writers with relevant backgrounds, extensive experience, and skilled in different writing styles. In practice, it is not always like that. For one reputable writing service, there are ten gangs of frauds willing to take your money and leave you with low-quality paper output.

This said it is important to check the following criteria before sealing your business relationships with a writing service.

How to Choose a Reliable Writing Service?

Don’t chase the lowest prices. Quite often, unreliable services try to entice customers with under-market prices, but it is always a pig in a poke. To keep the rates low, they often hire ESL writers or other students seeking odd jobs, so the output usually leaves much to be desired. The worst is if they peddle old papers. In this case, not only you will lose your money, but can even have zero points for your work.

Don’t agree to less than 24/7 customer support. Communication is an important part of your paper’s success. You have to rub shoulders with the writer responsible for your assignment in case if new information occurs or your professor has additional requirements. You also want to be informed about the progress of your paper to make sure you are meeting the deadlines, and you want it at any time of the day. Therefore, it is important to check if they have around-the-clock customer support. If they don’t, completing your paper will likely take forever, and you don’t need a business like this.

Check if they offer free revisions. On one hand, the policy of free revisions is your insurance that you won’t pay a fortune for licking the paper into shape in case something goes wrong. On the other hand, it is some sort of a guarantee that they are confident about the quality they provide, as no one wants to work for free. It is a good idea to check this issue before getting into business with a writing company.

Verify their policies. Plagiarism is a serious academic offense, and you want to avoid that at any cost. Unless the opposite is unequivocally stated in their policy, they are the copyright owners and may resell your paper as many times as they desire. This means, that you may be sold an old paper, and your university’s plagiarism checker will definitely expose that. Check twice who owns the rights and how they deal with plagiarism.

Picking a reputable writing service is quite a bit of a quest. But when it is either useless reflections or your urgent matters, the quest is worth the effort.

List of Public service commissions

By: Prof. Fazal Rehman Shamil

List of Provincial Public service commissions in India

Public Service Commissions in India External link
Union Public Service Commission http://www.upsc.gov.in
Andhra Pradesh Public Service Commission https://psc.ap.gov.in/
Arunachal Pradesh Public Service Commission http://www.appsc.gov.in/
Assam Public Service Commission http://www.apsc.nic.in
Bihar Public Service Commission http://www.bpsc.bih.nic.in
Chhattisgarh Public Service Commission http://www.psc.cg.gov.in
Goa Public Service Commission http://gpsc.goa.gov.in/
Gujarat Public Service Commission http://www.gpsc.gujarat.gov.in
Haryana Public Service Commission http://www.hpsc.gov.in
Himachal Pradesh Public Service Commission http://www.hp.gov.in/hppsc
Jammu and Kashmir Public Service Commission
(1957–2019)
http://jkpsc.nic.in/
Jharkhand Public Service Commission http://www.jpsc.gov.in
Karnataka Public Service Commission http://kpsc.kar.nic.in/
Kerala Public Service Commission http://www.keralapsc.gov.in/
Madhya Pradesh Public Service Commission http://www.mppsc.com
Maharashtra Public Service Commission http://www.mpsc.gov.in
Manipur Public Service Commission http://mpscmanipur.gov.in
Meghalaya Public Service Commission http://mpsc.nic.in/mpsc/
Mizoram Public Service Commission http://mpsc.mizoram.gov.in/
Nagaland Public Service Commission http://www.npsc.co.in
Odisha Public Service Commission http://www.opsc.gov.in/
Punjab Public Service Commission http://www.ppsc.gov.in
Rajasthan Public Service Commission http://www.rpsc.rajasthan.gov.in/
Sikkim Public Service Commission http://www.spscskm.gov.in
Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission http://www.tnpsc.gov.in
Telangana State Public Service Commission http://www.tspsc.gov.in/
Tripura Public Service Commission http://www.tpsc.gov.in
Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission http://www.uppsc.org.in
Uttarakhand Public Service Commission http://www.ukpsc.gov.in
West Bengal Public Service Commission https://www.pscwbonline.gov.in/apps/home/

List of Provincial public service commissions in Pakistan

Azad Jammu & Kashmir Public Service Commission AJKPSC
Balochistan Public Service Commission BPSC
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Public Service Commission KPPSC
Punjab Public Service Commission (Pakistan) PPSC
Sindh Public Service Commission SPSC
Federal Public Service Commission FPSC

List of Public Service Commission in the United States

  • Alabama Public Service Commission ALPSC
  • Georgia Public Service Commission
  • Louisiana Public Service Commission LPSC
  • Mississippi Public Service Commission
  • Montana Public Service Commission
  • Nebraska Public Service Commission NPSC
  • North Dakota Public Service Commission
  • South Carolina Public Service Commission SCPSC
  • Arkansas Public Service Commission  APSC
  • Delaware Public Service Commission DPSC
  • District of Columbia Public Service Commission DCPSC
  • Florida Public Service Commission FPSC
  • Kentucky Public Service Commission KPSC
  • Maryland Public Service Commission PSC
  • Michigan Public Service Commission PSC
  • Missouri Public Service Commission PSC
  • New York Public Service Commission
  • Tennessee Public Service Commission
  • Utah Public Service Commission UPSC
  • West Virginia Public Service Commission WVPSC
  • Wisconsin Public Service Commission PSCW
  • Wyoming Public Service Commission WPSC

Some other important Public Service Commission

Public Service Commission of Canada PSC

Past Guess Paper of Auditing

By: Prof. Fazal Rehman Shamil

Past Guess Paper of Auditing.

Guess Paper 1 : Auditing Past Papers

University Name – Confidential

NOTE: Q.1 is compulsory, attempt any four questions from the remaining. All questions carry equal marks. Phones and other Electronic Gadgets are not allowed.

Time Allowed: 3 hours

Examination:   Final, Fall – 2020

Total Marks:    70, Passing Marks (35)

Q.1 Short answer or Fill in the Blanks [14 Marks]

Q.1 Differentiate between the following terminologies…
a) Nature of audit / scope of audit
b) Audit note book / working papers

Q.2 Define audit; also elaborate how it was originated.

Q.3 Explain in detail the procedure for verification of audit. Why a company needs verification?

Q.4 Explain in detail the different techniques for vouching.

Q.5 How do we differentiate correct valuation from correct disclosure?

Q.6 What do you mean by the operation of audit? Discuss.Q.7 How do you understand continuous audit? Through what means it is beneficial and non beneficial for an organization.Q.8 Write short notes on any two of the following.
a) Types of audit
b) audit program
c) Proper authorization

Guess Paper 2 : Auditing Past Papers

University Name – Confidential

NOTE: Q.1 is compulsory, attempt any four questions from the remaining. All questions carry equal marks. Phones and other Electronic Gadgets are not allowed.

Time Allowed: 3 hours

Examination:   Final,  Spring – 2020

Total Marks:    70, Passing Marks (35)

Q.1 Differentiate the following terminologies…
a) Vouching / verification
b) Nature of Audit / Scope of audit

Q.2 How do you differentiate audit from accounting? Discuss.

Q.3 Explain in detail the fundamental principals & techniques of audit.

Q.4 How do companies maintain their internal control? Discuss.

Q.5 Discuss and differentiate audit note book and audit working papers?

Q.6 Why physical existence is required for audit? Explain the concept of physical existence in detail.

Q.7 How vouching of Receipt side and payment side of cash book take place? Explain in detail.

Q.8 Write short notes on any two of the following.
a) Origin of audit
b) Conduct of audit
c) Audit team

Guess Paper 3 : Auditing Past Papers

University Name – Confidential

NOTE: Q.1 is compulsory, attempt any four questions from the remaining. All questions carry equal marks. Phones and other Electronic Gadgets are not allowed.

Time Allowed: 3 hours

Examination:   Final,  Spring – 2020

Total Marks:    70, Passing Marks (35)

Q.2 Explain in detail various principles of internal control with respect to small and manufacturing controls.

Q.3 Though verification and vouching seems similar terms, but both have different aspects; differentiate both.

Q.4 Vouching is a complete procedure and involves various steps. Discuss vouching with respect to cash book payment side.

Q.5 How do we differentiate correct valuation from correct disclosure?

Q.6 Explain the complete Operation of audit as per your own understanding.

Q.7 What are various areas covered in auditing, in other words explain the scope of audit.

Q.8 Write short notes on any two of the following.

a. Verification
b. Objects in audit
c. Origin of audit

Guess Paper 4 : Auditing Past Papers

University Name – Confidential

NOTE: Q.1 is compulsory, attempt any four questions from the remaining. All questions carry equal marks. Phones and other Electronic Gadgets are not allowed.

Time Allowed: 3 hours

Examination:   Final,  Spring – 2019

Total Marks:    70, Passing Marks (35)

Q.1. Elaborate the term Audit and discuss its need & importance in details.

Q.2. Elaborate these terms in precise form.
a) Voucher
b) Audit Notes
c) Audit Program
d) Audit Report
e) Financial Statements.

Q.3. How you will differentiate the internal control form internal check.

Q.4. Enlist various special points which are considered during the conduction of Audit of a Cinema.

Q.5. Enlist six points’ techniques of verification and elaborate them precisely.

Q.6. Write a comprehensive note on application of information technology in current practices of Audit.

Q.7. What are various components of Audit Report?

Q.8. Write short notes on any two of the following:
a) Moral ethics in the audit practices.
b) Auditing as a tool of internal control.
c) Why Auditor is called public Auditor?

Guess Paper 5 : Auditing Past Papers

University Name – Confidential

NOTE: Q.1 is compulsory, attempt any four questions from the remaining. All questions carry equal marks. Phones and other Electronic Gadgets are not allowed.

Time Allowed: 3 hours

Examination:   Final,  Spring – 2018

Total Marks:    70, Passing Marks (35)

Q.1. Elaborate the following terms in most precise form.
(i). Audit Program. (ii). Audit Notes. (iii). Vouching. (iv). Audit Report. (v). liabilities of
negligence.

Q.2. How you will differentiate financial statement from financial audit. Also elaborate need for financial audit.

Q.3. Do you thing the Auditing is playing a vital role in the process of Internal check? Discuss.

Q.4. Enlist various special points which are considered during the conduction of Audit of a General Store.

Q.5. Define the term verification and also elaborate six points techniques of verification.

Q.6. Write a comprehensive note on advantages of the IT in the process of Auditing? Elaborate with examples.

Q.7. What are various parts of the Audit Report?

Q.8. Write short notes on the following:
i) Moral ethics in the audit practices.
ii) Why Auditor is called public Auditor?

Guess Paper 5 : Auditing Past Papers

University Name – Confidential

NOTE: Q.1 is compulsory, attempt any four questions from the remaining. All questions carry equal marks. Phones and other Electronic Gadgets are not allowed.

Time Allowed: 3 hours

Examination:   Final,  Spring – 2017

Total Marks:    70, Passing Marks (35)

Q.1. Write “ T” for true while “ F” for false statements.

(i). Proper Accounting system minimizes the need for auditing.
(ii). Internal audit and internal check are identical terms.
(iii). Internal Auditor is also appointed by share holders.
(iv). External Auditor is normally a regular employee of the company.
(v). Generally the job of vouching is done by three persons.
(vi). Auditing program is normally written is audit notes.
(vii). External audit can also be called a running audit.

Q.2. Elaborate the following terms/expressions in precise form.
(i). Audit. (ii). Audit Program. (iii). Working Papers. (iv). Vouching. (v). Errors. (vi). Audit Report. (vii). Capital expenditures.

Q.3. Write a comprehensive note on the role of Auditing in the internal control system.

Q.4. Elaborate the term continuous Audit and differentiate it from Final audit.

Q.5. What is verification? Also elaborate the six points techniques of verification.

Q.6. Do you agree that main objective of Auditor is to check book of Accounts and detect and prevent errors? What types of qualities are required for an auditor?.

Q.7. How you will differentiate the Audit Report from Annual Report? Also enlist only the components of Audit Report.

Q.8. Write short notes on the following:
i) Role of IT in conduct of proper Audit.
ii) General principles of Govt. Auditing.

Past Guess Paper of Artificial Intelligence.

By: Prof. Fazal Rehman Shamil

Past Guess Paper of Artificial Intelligence.

Guess Paper 1 : Artificial Intelligence Past Papers

University Name – Confidential

NOTE: Q.1 is compulsory, attempt any four questions from the remaining. All questions carry equal marks. Phones and other Electronic Gadgets are not allowed.

Time Allowed: 3 hours

Examination:   Final, Fall – 2020

Total Marks:    70, Passing Marks (35)

Q.1 Short answer or Fill in the Blanks [14 Marks]

a. What is the purpose of search algorithm in AI.
b. Which search strategy is also called as blind search?_________________.
c. __________ symbol is used to show if a predicate is true for some of the members of a set.
d. A _____________________ is a computer program that reasons and uses a knowledge base to solve complex problems
e. Define inference rule.
f. _______________ explores the construction and study of algorithms that can learn from and make predictions on data.
g. ______________ is computerized advice-giver, that is capable of reasoning but which is usually confined to a rather narrow field of knowledge.

Q.2 Describe major areas and applications of Artificial Intelligence in computer science. (14)
Q.3 (a) Define propositional logic. What are major operations and symbols in propositional?
(b) Let we have two propositions A= Ali is boy, B = Mary is a Girl. Write these sentences using propositional logic
I. Ali is boy and mary is a girl II. Ali is boy and mary is not a girl
III. Ali is not a boy or mary is a girl IV. If Ali is boy then mary is a girl

Q.4. Write a detailed note on search in problem solving. Name and define major types of search algorithms.
(14)
Q.5. Write a note on Prolog language. Describe major components of Prolog (Data Types, Lists, Functions
and Statements). Provide an example program. (14)

Q.6 (a) Write a note on architecture of Expert systems.
(b) Discuss rule based expert system with example (7+7)

Q.7 (a) Explain Machine learning and its types.
(b) Describe rule based learning with example. (14)
Q.8. Write short notes on any TWO of the following.
(a) Computer Aided Instruction (07)
(b) Robotics (07)
(c) Neural Networks (07)

Guess Paper 2 : Artificial Intelligence Past Papers

University Name – Confidential

NOTE: Q.1 is compulsory, attempt any four questions from the remaining. All questions carry equal marks. Phones and other Electronic Gadgets are not allowed.

Time Allowed: 3 hours

Examination:   Final, Spring – 2020

Total Marks:    70, Passing Marks (35)

Q.1 Short answer or Fill in the Blanks [14 Marks]

Q.1 Fill in the blanks [14 Marks]

i. What is the purpose of search algorithm in AI.
ii. What are components of knowledge based system.
iii. Define inference rule.
iv. Describe the situation when depth first search is better.
v. _______________ explores the construction and study of algorithms that can learn from and make predictions on data
vi. __________ symbol is used to show if a predicate is true for some of the members of a set.
vii. A _____________________ is a computer program that reasons and uses a knowledge base to solve complex problems

Q.2. (a) Write a detailed note on Artificial Intelligence.
(b) Describe major areas and applications in Artificial Intelligence. (7+7)
Q.3 (a) Describe propositional logic with example.
b) Let we have these predicates B(x,y)= Brothers, S= Siblings, L (x,y)= Love. Write these sentences using predicate logic
i. Ali and Umar are brothers
ii. Brothers are siblings
iii. Everybody loves somebody
vi. There is someone who is loved by everyone. (7+7)

Q.4. (a) Compare A* search with Hill climbing and Min Max Search.
(b) Differentiate depth first search and breadth first search with example. (10+4)

Q.5. Write a note on LISP language. Describe major components of Lisp (Data Types, Lists, Functions and Statements). Write a LISP function which will return number which is greater from given two numbers (14)

Q.6 (a) Write a note on architecture of Expert systems.
(b) Discuss rule based knowledge based system with example (7+7)

Q.7. Write short notes on any TWO of the following.
(a) Natural Language Processing (07)
(b) Robotics (07)
(c) Machine Learning. (07)

Past Guess Paper of Applied Physics

By: Prof. Fazal Rehman Shamil

Past Guess Paper of Applied Physics.

Guess Paper 1 :Applied Physics Past Papers

University Name – Confidential

NOTE: Q.1 is compulsory, attempt any four questions from the remaining. All questions carry equal marks. Phones and other Electronic Gadgets are not allowed.

Time Allowed: 3 hours

Examination:   Final, Fall – 2020

Total Marks:    70, Passing Marks (35)

Q.1      Fill in the blanks                                                                                                        [5]

  1. The quantity of matter is known as………….
  2. Physical quantities can be divide into base and…………quantities.
  • If the two vectors A and B have the same line of action then the vectors are called……….vectors.
  1. To apply the equation of equilibrium, we must account for all the…….and……….forces which act on the particle
  2. Dry friction occurs between the contacting surfaces of bodies when there is no…………

 

Mark True /False                                                                                                              [5]

  1. The static frictional force Fs generated when sliding occurs at the contacting surface.
  • In general, there are three types of mechanics problems involving dry friction.
  • Speed is the magnitude of velocity.
  1. The Instantaneous acceleration(or simply acceleration) a is the second time derivative of velocity v(t).
  2. Subtraction of vectors may be define as a special case of addition of vectors.

 

Short answer the following questions.                                                                           [10]

  1. Define weight and how you can derive formula for weight using Newton’s law of gravitational attraction?
  2. Convert 2 km/h to m/s. How many ft/s is this?
  3. Define kinematics and write down the equations of kinematics for constant acceleration.
  4. A light object and a heavy object have same the momentum. Which has the greater kinetic energy?
  5. Give some examples of everyday vibrating objects which approximately exhibit SHM.

 

Q.2      a)What three important idealizations are made in mechanics in order to simplify application of the theory?                                                                                                                  [6]

b) Evaluate each of the following and express with SI units having an appropriate prefix:

i) (50mN)(6 GN) ii) (400 mm)(0.6 MN)2 iii) 45 MN3/900 Gg .               [4]

Q.3      a)Discuss the vector and scalar products in detail.                                                     [6]

b) Vectors A and B have scalar product -6 and their vector product has magnitude 9. What is the angle between these two vectors? [4]

Q.4      a) Define the normal and tangential acceleration also derive the expression for normal and tangential acceleration.                                                                                               [6]

  1. b) Find velocity form position given as . [Where A,α iand j are constants] [4]

Q.5      In general, there are three types ofmechanics problems involving dry friction.Discuss all of them in detail.                                                                                                             [10]

Q.6      a) What is simple pendulum? Show that the motion of simple pendulum is simple harmonic motion.                                                                                                                        [6]

b)In a meter stick swings about a pivot pointat one end, at distance h from the stick’s center of mass.What is the period of oscillation T?                                                                   [4]

Q.7      a) Why momentum and impulse are two different physical quantities? Show that momentum is conserved for two particle isolated system.                                                            [6]

  1. b) What do you mean by instantaneous power? Show that power can be written as dot product of force and velocity. .             [4]

Q.8      Write short note on any two of the following                                                            [5,5]

  1. Laws of triangle and parallelogram
  2. Free body diagram (FBD)
  3. Types of motion

 

Guess Paper 2 :Applied Physics Past Papers

University Name – Confidential

NOTE: Q.1 is compulsory, attempt any four questions from the remaining. All questions carry equal marks. Phones and other Electronic Gadgets are not allowed.

Time Allowed: 3 hours

Examination:   Final, Spring- 2020

Total Marks:    70, Passing Marks (35)

Q.1 Fill in the blanks [5]
i. A letter which is used before the unit to represent the power of ten is called………..
ii. A………vector have always magnitude equal to one.
iii. A particle is said to be in……………if it remains at rest if originally at rest, or has a constant velocity if originally in motion.
iv. The tendency to rotate is sometimes called a……….
v. The distance of an oscillator from zero displacement to a maximum is called………….

Mark True /False [5]
vi. The coefficient of kinetic friction is always smaller than the coefficient of static friction.
vii. The rate of change of momentum is called force.
viii. The acceleration of a body in free fall is always downward.
ix. The resultant of the product of two vectors is always a vector.
x. A force does work when it undergoes a displacement in the direction perpendicular of its line of action.
Short answer the following questions. [10]

i. Mechanics is divided into two sub branches: Statics and dynamics briefly define these branches.
ii. Two vectors have length 3.5 Km and 4 Km. what are the maximum and minimum magnitude of their vector sum?
iii. What do you mean by a free body diagram (FBD)? Draw FBD for a physics book slides on table by with a force F
iv. Define an isolated system and show that impulse is equal to the change in momentum.
v. How work done can be positive, negative and zero when the force and displacement vectors have non-zero magnitudes.

Q.2 a)How addition of vectors by parallelogram method is different from the addition of vectors by the rectangular components method. [6]

b)Determine the x and y components of F1 and F2 acting on the boom shown in fig. Express each force as a Cartesian vector.[4]

Q.3 a) Express the base (fundamental) physical quantities in two different system of units. [6]
b) Water has a density of 1.94 slug/ft3. What is the density expressed in SI units? Express the answer to three significant figures. [4]

Q.4 a) Define the instantaneous velocity also express velocity in polar coordinates. [6]
b)Suppose the x-velocity of the car at any time t is given by the equation (a) Find the change in x-velocity of the car in the time interval 1 s to 3 s. (b) Find the average x-acceleration in this time interval.[4]Q.5 Discuss the concept of dry friction and show how to analyze the equilibrium of rigid bodies subjected to this force. [10]

Q.6 a) Define moment (torque) of a force and also explain the principle of moments (Varignon’s theorem) [6]

b)Determine the moment of the force in Fig a about point O. [4]

Q.7 a) Define law of conservation of momentum. Show that rate of change of momentum is equal to force. [5]
b) Define the free and damped harmonic motion also discuss the motion of a mass attached with a spring . [5]

Q.8 Write short note on any two of the following
I. Law of solid friction
II. Conditions of equilibrium
III. Sine and Cosine law.

Guess Paper 3 :Applied Physics Past Papers

University Name – Confidential

NOTE: Q.1 is compulsory, attempt any four questions from the remaining. All questions carry equal marks. Phones and other Electronic Gadgets are not allowed.

Time Allowed: 3 hours

Examination:   Final, Spring- 2019

Total Marks:    70, Passing Marks (35)

Q.1      Fill in the blanks                                                                                                                    [5]

  1. Those physical quantities which are obtained from base quantities are known as………….
  2. If each term in equation is express in same system of units then the equation is called dimensionaly……………
  3. ……………is the phenomenon in which a very large force is applied for short interval of time.
  4. The unit of energy in cgs system is…………
  5. The friction force………the tendency of existing relative motion.

Mark True /False                                                                                                              [5]

  1. The kinetic frictional force Fk generated when sliding occurs at the contacting surface.
  2. Power is define as the time rate of doing work.
  3. Concurrent forces can be balanced by a single force.
  4. Frequency of second’s pendulum is 2Hz.
  5. The scalar product of two vectors is always positive.

Short answer the following questions.                                                                           [10]

  1. Define mechanics and its main sub branches .
  2. Wood has a density of 4.70 slug/ft3. What is its density expressed in SI units?
  • Define a couple and what is moment of a couple?
  1. Define the coefficient of kinetic friction and what is its SI unit?
  2. Is the acceleration of simple harmonic oscillator ever zero? If so, where?

Q.2      a)What are the basic laws of Newton that are valid in engineering mechanics?                    [6]

b)If a man weighs 155 lb on earth, specify i) his mass in slugs, ii) his mass in kilograms, and iii) his weight in newtons. If the man is on the moon, where the acceleration due to gravity is gm = 5.30 ft/s2, determine iv) his weight in pounds.

Q.3      a)Explain the system of coplanar and non-coplanar forces with figures                                [6]

b) Two forces 15N and 12 N are acting at a point. The angle between the forces is 60o. Find the resultant force?                                                                                                                       [4]

Q.4   a)How will you prove that a body will not be in equilibrium when it is subjected to two forces which are equal and opposite but parallel?                                                                [5]

b) Explain with sketches the clockwise and anticlockwise moments             [5]

Q.5    What are the laws of limiting friction? Describe an experiment for the verification of the laws of limiting friction.                                                                                                          [10]

Q.6  a) Define simple harmonic motion. Show that the motion of mass attached to spring over a frictionless surface is simple harmonic motion.                                                     [6]

  1. b) A block whose mass m is 680 g is fastened to a spring whose spring constant k is 65 N/m. The block is pulleda distance x = 11 cm from its equilibrium position atx = 0 on a frictionless surface and released from restatt = 0. What are the angular frequency, the frequency, and the period of the resulting motion?             [4]

Q.7   a) What is collision? How many types of collisions are there? Give example of each.             [6]

  1. b) Define power? Show that power is the dot product of force and velocity. Give the cgs and SI units of (i) Work (ii) Power .                       [4]

Q.8      Write short note on any two of the following                                                                        [5,5]

  1. Resolution of a Vector in yz-plane
  2. Triangle law of forces
  3. Equation of motion for variable acceleration

Guess Paper 4 :Applied Physics Past Papers

University Name – Confidential

NOTE: Q.1 is compulsory, attempt any four questions from the remaining. All questions carry equal marks. Phones and other Electronic Gadgets are not allowed.

Time Allowed: 3 hours

Examination:   Final, Spring- 2018

Total Marks:    70, Passing Marks (35)

Q.1 Fill in the blanks [5]
i. The branch of physics which concern with the accelerated motion is called……..
ii. …………….is used to express very large or very small quantities.
iii. The quantity of motion is called…………
iv. Speed is the……………of velocity.
v. The maximum value of static friction is known as…………..
Mark True /False [5]
vi. Coulomb’s law of friction is friction between dry surfaces.
vii. In SHM the acceleration is directed toward the equilibrium position.
viii. The first condition of equilibrium is necessary but not sufficient for equilibrium.
ix. The rate of change of momentum is called impulse.
x. Cross product of two vectors is commutative.
Short answer the following questions. [10]
i. What do you meant by a free body diagram?
ii. If a car is traveling at 55 mi/h, determine its speed inkilometers per hour and meters per second.
iii. State some of the engineering applications of moment.
iv. Define the coefficient of static friction and what is its SI unit?
v. How much work is done by the gravitational force when a 265 kg pile deriver falls 2.8m?

Q.2 a)Briefly discuss the following terms:
i) Dimensional Homogeneity. ii) Significant Figures.iii)Rounding off numbers. [6]
b) Evaluate each of the following to three significantfigures and express each answer in SI units using an appropriate prefix:
i) 354 mg(45 km) / (0.0356 kN) ii) (0.004 53 Mg)(201 ms) [4]

Q.3 a) Define vector and scalar quantities with examples. What do you understand by the term unit vector? What is the importance of the unit vector? [6]
b) Can a unit vector have any componentswith magnitude greater thanunity? Can it have any negative components? In each case justify your answer. If where a is a constant,determine the value of “a”that makes A a unit vector. [4]

Q.4 a) Two forces are acting on a body and the body is in equilibrium. What conditions should be satisfied by these two forces? [5]
b) What is meant by moment of a force? Explain it mathematically. [5]

Q.5 a) What is friction and angle of friction? Prove that the tangent of the angle of friction is equal to the coefficient of static friction. [6]

b)The uniform crate shown in has a mass of 20 kg. If a force P = 80 N is applied to the crate, determine if it remains in equilibrium. The coefficient of static friction is µs = 0.3.[4]

Q.6 a) How do you graphically represent the following? [4]
(i) Stationary object (ii) Uniform motion (iii) Accelerated motion
b)What is cross product? Describe different properties of cross product of vectors. [6]

Q.7 a) State the following laws of forces? [5]
(i) Parallelogram law (ii) Triangle law
b) Prove that the work done in moving a body of mass m up a frictionless inclined plane of inclination θ and height h is equal to mgh. . [5]

Q.8 Write short note on any two of the following [5,5]
i. Simple harmonic motion
ii. Impulse of constant and variable force.
iii. Normal and Tangential acceleration

Past Guess Paper of Applied Linear Algebra.

By: Prof. Fazal Rehman Shamil

Applied Linear Algebra

Past Guess Paper of Applied Linear Algebra.

Guess Paper 1 : Applied Linear Algebra Past Papers

University Name – Confidential

NOTE: Q.1 is compulsory, attempt any four questions from the remaining. All questions carry equal marks. Phones and other Electronic Gadgets are not allowed.

Time Allowed: 3 hours

Examination:   Final, Fall – 2020

Total Marks:    70, Passing Marks (35)

Past Guess Paper of Applied Linear Algebra

Guess Paper 2 : Applied Linear Algebra Past Papers

Past Guess Applied Linear Algebra.

Past Papers of Applied Linear Algebra
Past Papers of Applied Linear Algebra

Past Guess Paper of Antenna & Wave Propagation.

By: Prof. Fazal Rehman Shamil

Past Guess Paper of Antenna & Wave Propagation.

Guess Paper 1 : Antenna & Wave Propagation Past Papers

University Name – Confidential

NOTE: Q.1 is compulsory, attempt any four questions from the remaining. All questions carry equal marks. Phones and other Electronic Gadgets are not allowed.

Time Allowed: 3 hours

Examination:   Final, Fall – 2020

Total Marks:    70, Passing Marks (35)

Q.1      Fill right word in the blanks.                                                                                     [14]

  1. In transverse electromagnetic waves, electric and magnetic fields are……………… to each others.
  2. Impedance matching are performed in antennas for ……………. Power transfer.
  • Antennas are use for ……………… communication.
  1. Isotropic antenna radiate ……………… power in all directions.
  2. For TV ………………… antennas are use.
  3. When the frequency of signal increases, the size of antenna ………………
  • LNB stand for…………………..

 

Q.2      What is transverse electromagnetic wave, explain in detail with the help of diagram and electric, magnetic field relation.                                                                                                   [14]

3 a.What is polarization, for which purpose polarization is performed

b.Explain vertical polarization of waves with the help of diagram.                           [07, 07]

4 What is radiation pattern, explain the radiation pattern of directional antenna with the help of diagram. [14]

Q.5      a.What is directivity of an antenna, explain with its mathematical equation.

b.What are the advantages and disadvantages of antenna field patterns multiplication?                                                                                                                                                   [07, 07]

Q.6      a.What are parasitic arrays, explain with the help of diagrams.

b.In which situation and places loop antennas are use, give at least five examples.   [07, 07]

Q.7      Write short notes on any two of the following:                                                        [07, 07]

  1. Quality factor and bandwidth of an antenna.
  2. Field strength measurement of an antenna.
  3. Turnstile antenna