It can vary from country to country and department to department, but mostly it is considered that a Ph.D. degree holder without publications is not eligible for Associate Professor, Assistant Professor, and full professor for University posts.
As proof I am sharing with you, the “List of Provisionally Eligible/Ineligible candidates for the Post of Associate Professor (BS-20) of Statistics in a Government University in Pakistan”.
|Dr. Nasrullah Khan
|Dr. Tahir Abbas
|Dr. Habib Nawaz Khan
|Ineligible in terms of publications
|Dr. Muhammad Shahzad
|Ineligible in terms of experience