White throat infection

White throat infection:

Lots of different health conditions can cause white spots in the throat such as viral, fungal, or bacterial infection.  Let us discuss each possible cause.

 

Cause Causative Agent Treatment                Description
Strep Throat Group A Streptococcus bacteria ·        Antibiotics such as penicillin and amoxicillin to eliminate the bacterial infection,

·        Rest

·        Pain relievers such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen for symptom relief.

·        Bacterial infection causing severe sore throat, white patches, fever and swollen tonsils.

·        Proper antibiotic treatment helps to prevent complications like rheumatic fever.

Tonsillitis

 

 

 

 

Viral or bacterial infections

 

 

 

 

·        For bacterial tonsillitis, antibiotics are prescribed if caused by streptococcal bacteria.

·        For viral tonsillitis, rest, fluids and pain relief are recommended.

·        Inflammation of the tonsils resulting in a sore throat.

·        Difficulty in swallowing and white or yellow patches in the throat.

Thrush or

Candidiasis

Candida yeast ·        Antifungal medications such as nystatin and fluconazole. ·        Fungal infection causing creamy white lesions in the mouth and throat.

·        Common in those with weakened immune systems or taking antibiotics.

Diphtheria Corynebacterium diphtheriae bacteria ·        Antitoxin

·        Antibiotics

·        Rare bacterial infection causing grayish-white membrane in the throat.

·        Vaccination has greatly reduced its prevalence.

Viral Infections Various respiratory viruses ·        Rest

·        fluids

·        Various respiratory viruses cause respiratory symptoms such as sore throat with white patches, cough, runny nose and fever.
Mononucleosis Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) ·        Rest

·        Fluids intake,

·        pain relievers

·        Viral infection causing extreme fatigue, sore throat, swollen lymph nodes and sometimes an enlarged spleen.

·        Commonly affects young adults.

Leukoplakia Often associated with tobacco use ·        Address underlying cause

·        regular check-ups

·        Thickened white patches in the mouth and throat, possibly precancerous.

·        Linked to tobacco use and requires monitoring and management.

Oral Lichen Planus Autoimmune reaction ·        Topical steroids

·        Management of symptoms

·        Chronic immune-related condition causing white patches or sores in the throat.

·        Sensitivity in the mouth and throat.