Which of the following is not a waterborne disease?

QUESTION: Which of the following is not a waterborne disease?

A   Cholera

B   Asthma

C  Typhoid

D   Diarrhea

ANSWER:    Asthma

 

Name of waterborne disease Causative Agent of the disease Mode of Transmission       Symptoms
Typhoid ·        Bacteria named Salmonella Typhi Ingestion of contaminated food or water ·        High fever

·        Headache

·        Weakness

·        Abdominal discomfort

Cholera ·        Bacteria named vibrio cholerae Ingestion of contaminated water or food ·        Vomiting and rapid dehydration can lead to shock and death
Diarrhea ·        Caused by various bacteria

·        viruses

·        Parasites

Ingestion of contaminated water, food or contact ·        Symptoms can range from mild watery stools to more severe bloody diarrhea

·        Abdominal cramps

·        Fever

Rotavirus ·        Rotavirus Ingestion of contaminated water or food ·        Infection results in severe diarrhea

·        Vomiting,

·        Fever

·        Dehydration particularly in young children.

Hepatitis A ·        Hepatitis A virus Ingestion of fecal contaminated water or food ·        Flu-like symptoms

·        Jaundice

·        Fatigue

·        Abdominal pain

Hepatitis E ·        Hepatitis E virus Ingestion of contaminated water or food ·        Symptoms cause by hepatitis E are similar to hepatitis A
Giardiasis ·        Giardia lamblia parasite Ingestion of contaminated water or food ·        Diarrhea

·        Abdominal pain

·        Bloating

·        Weight loss

Cryptosporidiosis ·        Cryptosporidium parasite Ingestion of water contaminated with oocysts ·        Cryptosporidiosis leads to watery diarrhea

·        Stomach cramps

·        Dehydration

Amoebiasis ·        Entamoeba histolytica Ingestion of contaminated water or food ·        Amoebiasis can cause bloody diarrhea

·        Stomach pain

·        Fever

Schistosomiasis ·        Schistosoma Contact with contaminated freshwater ·        Schistosomiasis cause abdominal pain

·        Diarrhea

·        Blood in urine