Meaning of Outcome-Based Education:
Outcome Based Education (OBE) also known as Performance-based education, is a system of education that emphasizes all of the components and facets of education on the course’s objectives. Each course has a specific goal in which the student wants to enroll. No matter whether the course belongs to knowledge or skill development. Learning can take place in any manner and at any pace. The learning process can be customized for each student. Using the desired objectives as a guide, the trainers, supervisors, and academic staff direct the pupils.
Focused Skills of OBE:
- Skills of life.
- Interpersonal and personal abilities.
- Strengths in profession and trade.
- Mental capacity.
- Basic talents.
Pros and Cons of OBE:
Outcome Based Education has some advantages and some disadvantages too in its system and approach.
Clearly State Objectives:
Learners and teachers are equally familiar with the idea of the expected goals from the outset. As a result, they comprehend what they’re striving for. Working with adult learners might be highly appealing as they are interested in learning how the program could benefit them.
Instructors are free to use any method they choose to instruct their pupils during their courses. By employing a variety of teaching and assessment strategies in their classes, teachers will further be able to identify student uniqueness and variability.
Setting a goal in advance helps students and teachers cope with distractions. The success of outcome-based education depends on how well evaluations are planned and carried out. Participants know they’ll enhance their competence by the completion of the program and engage in the effort to achieve.
Comparison on Individual Level:
Across various universities, OBE can be compared on an individual level to access the performance of students on different merits.
Institutions can assess students’ performance on an individual basis to determine where they should place inside a new institution based on their past accomplishments.
Comparison on Institutional Level:
As we talk about on the institutional level, institutions are free to compare themselves with other institutes to access their performance by examining the outcome they share. Institutes can also identify the areas where they need improvement and development.
Participation and interest of students in learning are important factors of OBE. The students need to comprehend everything to pursue independent learning.
Parental and Community Participation:
Parents and the community can also participate by creating or modifying the syllabus. OBE outcomes should be held and discussed on the school or community level. Parents and community members should be consulted to access whether the students are ready for their practical life after getting OBE.
Issues with Assessment:
Assessments that have been taken for checking the student’s learning become more mechanistic in their evaluation of whether an outcome has been attained. In this way, Students lose understanding and learning and they may never be taught how to apply what they have learned. In this regard instructors needs to design the assessments in which students would be able to show their learning.
Learning outcomes may influence how teaching and assessment are done. For teachers, it will be difficult to evaluate students’ reports regarding originality, self-respect, accountability, and self-reliance. Besides, there is no particular way to check the achievements and aims of these goals.
Too much participation and lack of involvement of parents can also have a negative effect. If parents will hesitate to voice their comments, improvements will be difficult to make. And if parents are involved too much important changes will lose their charm and teachers will also be burdened with their tasks.
Briefly stated, OBE has changed the traditional way of teaching and learning as well. Educational institutions must adopt outcome-based education to improve students’ knowledge & skills. As students are inspired by the ways of OBE and this system of education enables them to achieve success in their lives and adopt a better profession in the coming future.
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