Modern challenges and responses (Islamic Study) MCQs

Which of the following is NOT a modern challenge faced by Muslims?

a. Islamophobia
b. Environmental conservation
c. Extremism
d. Technological advancements
Answer: b. Environmental conservation
What is the term for the use of violence and intimidation in the name of Islam?

a. Jihad
b. Zakat
c. Terrorism
d. Taqwa
Answer: c. Terrorism
Which of the following is a response to Islamophobia?

a. Interfaith dialogue
b. Economic sanctions
c. Military intervention
d. Censorship
Answer: a. Interfaith dialogue
What is the term for the practice of adapting Islamic teachings to modern contexts?

a. Sharia law
b. Ijtihad
c. Fatwa
d. Sunnah
Answer: b. Ijtihad
Which of the following is NOT a modern response to poverty in Islamic societies?

a. Zakat
b. Charity organizations
c. Economic sanctions
d. Microfinance
Answer: c. Economic sanctions
What is the term for the integration of Islamic principles into economic systems?

a. Islamic finance
b. Capitalism
c. Socialism
d. Marxism
Answer: a. Islamic finance
Which of the following is NOT a modern challenge to Islamic family values?

a. Divorce rates
b. Gender equality
c. Same-sex marriage
d. Interfaith marriage
Answer: b. Gender equality
What is the term for the spread of Islamic teachings through digital platforms and social media?

a. Cyberjihad
b. Digital dawah
c. Technological fatwa
d. Virtual Hajj
Answer: b. Digital dawah
Which of the following is a modern challenge to Islamic education?

a. Lack of access to technology
b. Radicalization
c. Overemphasis on traditional methods
d. Integration of STEM subjects
Answer: b. Radicalization
What is the term for the reformation of Islamic teachings and practices to suit modern interpretations?

a. Jihad
b. Salafism
c. Modernism
d. Taqwa
Answer: c. Modernism
Which of the following is a modern response to environmental degradation in Islamic countries?

a. Renewable energy initiatives
b. Deforestation
c. Industrial pollution
d. Urbanization
Answer: a. Renewable energy initiatives
What is the term for the advocacy of Islamic principles in political governance?

a. Sharia law
b. Secularism
c. Authoritarianism
d. Pluralism
Answer: a. Sharia law
Which of the following is a modern challenge to Islamic bioethics?

a. Organ transplantation
b. Cloning
c. Euthanasia
d. All of the above
Answer: d. All of the above
What is the term for the adoption of Western cultural norms and practices among Muslims?

a. Modernization
b. Islamization
c. Westernization
d. Secularization
Answer: c. Westernization
Which of the following is NOT a modern response to Islamophobia?

a. Interfaith dialogue
b. Legal advocacy
c. Retaliation
d. Education
Answer: c. Retaliation
What is the term for the adaptation of Islamic teachings to address contemporary issues?

a. Ijtihad
b. Sunnah
c. Fatwa
d. Taqlid
Answer: a. Ijtihad
Which of the following is NOT a modern challenge to Islamic ethics?

a. Business ethics
b. Technological advancements
c. Environmental conservation
d. Social justice
Answer: c. Environmental conservation
What is the term for the use of Islamic teachings to promote peace and harmony in society?

a. Jihad
b. Taqwa
c. Islamism
d. Wasatiyyah
Answer: d. Wasatiyyah
Which of the following is a modern challenge to Islamic governance?

a. Authoritarianism
b. Democracy
c. Technological advancements
d. All of the above
Answer: d. All of the above
What is the term for the Islamic practice of seeking knowledge?

a. Jihad
b. Ijtihad
c. Taqwa
d. Dhikr
Answer: b. Ijtihad